Investing & Retirement

When In Doubt, Zoom Out

Current 1-year stock market returns look amazing. Who would choose any alternative investing strategy when their current method has granted them 40%, 50%, or higher 1-year returns?

Of course, there’s more here than meets the eye. And we need to zoom out to see it.

Amazing 1-Year Returns

Here’s a snapshot of the S&P 500 1-year return, as of April 7, 2021. It’s up 53.2% compared to last April. We are flying!

Wow! Perfectly normal** 53% 1-year returns!

Hot damn! This return has amazing ramifications on stock portfolios. We’re normally told to assume that stocks will return ~7% per year (on average) after adjusting for inflation. This past year was seven times better than that.

Once we start compounding, the 53% return becomes even more amazing. Five years of compounded 53% return outperforms 30 consecutive years of 7% returns.

A few more years of this and we’ll all be retiring. Right? Right?!

Sad to say, the other shoe must drop. We’re missing something important.

One Year Is Never Enough

More data provides more clarity, and one year does not make a long-term investing data set. One year is never enough.

Loren Allred, singing about 52-week returns

When starting from a market-bottom, the resulting returns are going to look phenomenal. It’s like analyzing an athlete’s year-over-year performance the season after he broke his leg. Of course he’s going to look better this year. His leg isn’t broken anymore!

April 2021’s 1-year return is especially egregious.

The stock market had a broken leg last April. COVID fear had traders flocking for the exit door, willing to accept lower prices as long as it meant they could liquidate their positions.

To see why current 1-year returns constitute chart crimes, we simply need to zoom out a few weeks.

See that 4/20 red arrow?! See how the market had a broken leg last April?!

You don’t see that broken leg in the first graph today, the one that only showed 52 weeks. We have to zoom out to see that dip. We have to be willing to absorb more data.

If we look at a 60-week return (starting last February), the stock market is up 22%. That’s still very good! But it’s not 53%.


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Let’s zoom out further to the full 5-year return in the chart above. The market is up 99% since April 2016, or the equivalent of five consecutive compounded 14.8% 1-year returns. Again, that’s very good. But it’s significantly different than a 53% 1-year return.

If we keep zooming out, we get closer and closer to “truth.” Here’s the S&P 500 dating back to 1928, plotted on a log scale.

S&P 500 1928-today…Source: MacroTrends

After adjusting for inflation (which is smart) and assuming dividends get re-invested (also smart), we conclude that the S&P 500 has historically returned ~7% per year.

You can pat yourself on the back for a 53% return if you want to. But be careful. Healing from a broken leg simply means you don’t have to limp for the rest of your life. That’s different than learning to fly.

We All Need to Zoom Out

That’s all I have to say on stocks for today. You can be happy that markets have recovered from last spring, but bragging about 1-year returns right now is foolish.

In parallel “zoom out” news…humans are notoriously bad at zooming out to long-term thinking. It’s one of my favorite pet topics. Here are a few good reads on that idea:

That’s it. Short and sweet.

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About Jesse Cramer

I’m Jesse. I’m an engineer, a new owner of an old home, and an avid reader/writer. If you’d like to comment, ask a question, or simply say hi, leave me a message here, on Twitter (@BestInterest_JC) or on Reddit (u/BestInterestDotBlog). Many of my posts have been directly influenced by my readers. It’s the most fun part of writing this blog. And as always, thanks for reading the Best Interest.
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6 thoughts on “When In Doubt, Zoom Out

  1. Spot on about needing to zoom out in life in general. I always try to look at the bigger picture, but it’s not always the easiest to do. In the daily grind, you forget that growth is slow and steady. It is painful some days, but that is growth. Be in it for the long haul.

  2. Great post. It will be interesting to see where the S&P 500 will be in a year from now. How much inflation will we have and what will the interest rates rise to.

  3. Zooming out on returns to put things in perspective. This is always a good idea in the good times and bad times. I agree with AR it not the easiest thing to do in the “daily grind” like many things in life you can get tunnel vision and forget to Zoom out to see the big picture.

    1. Tech! Good to hear from you again. I like you perspective…it’s useful in the good times and the bad times.

      Reminds me of the late Tony Hseih’s simple quote…”Things are never as bad or as good as they seem.”

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